In order to address massive congestion throughout the Greater Accra Region, the Ghana’s government, in collaboration with the World Bank, Global Environment Facility and French Development Agency have launched a USD 46million Urban Transport Project, a five-tiered project aimed at regulating and improving urban transport in two major cities: Accra, the southern capital, and Kumasi in the north.
The recent sod-cutting ceremony marks the start of construction work for Accra’s pilot bus-rapid transit (BRT) system, which “involves the creation of a dedicated route for buses from Kasoa in the Central Region to the Central Business District (CBD) of Accra. It also involves the expansion of the bridge on the Odaw River and the construction of a flyover across the railway line.”
Although the article focus is very much on the physical (where the BRT will be constructed, the need to upgrade the buses and taxis used by current transport operators, etc.), the overall project is much more — it involves working with transport operators to improve behavior, shift attitudes and formalize the actual routes on which they operate — in addition to constructing a bus-rapid transit route (from Kasoa to the Central Business Area).
Although many of the government and municipal officials quoted in the article take what I consider to be an overly optimitic perspective on the potential for the BRT to improve the urban transport sector (it seems many of them liken it to a panacea that will completely resolve the existing issues in transport in Accra), the project does hold the potential to significantly improve urban transport in Greater Accra.
The full article text:
Traffic Woes Over Soon – As BRT Project Begins
Source: Musah Yahaya Jafaru, Daily Graphic
A $45.4-million project to provide a safe, fast and comfortable transport system in Ghana has taken off with a sod-cutting ceremony by Vice-President, Mr John Dramani Mahama.
Mr Mahama cut the sod for the start of work on the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) under the Urban Transport Project which involves the creation of a dedicated route for buses from Kasoa in the Central Region to the Central Business District (CBD) of Accra.
It also involves the expansion of the bridge on the Odaw River and the construction of a flyover across the railway line.
Under it, a bus terminal and a bus depot will be constructed at Kasoa, in addition to minor stations along the entire route, while new pedestrian bridges will be constructed at the Kaneshie Market.
There will also be traffic management works at some selected junctions to help improve traffic flow on the road and through intersections in Accra, Tema, the Ga West and East districts, Kumasi and Ejisu, while traffic lights will be co-ordinated to ensure the free flow of vehicles along the principal routes in Accra and Kumasi.
In all, the BRT project will be implemented in 11 metropolitan, municipal and district assemblies (MMDAs), eight in the Greater Accra Region, two in the Ashanti Region and one in the Central Region, all to be jointly funded by the Government of Ghana, the World Bank, Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD) and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF).
Mr Mahama expressed worry over traffic congestion on the roads which increased travel time and created discomfort for motorists.
“The increasing transport congestion is becoming a nightmare to movement, with cars stuck bumper-to-bumper in traffic on major roads, including the Accra-Kasoa road,” he said.
Besides, Mr Mahama said, commercial buses, “trotros” and taxis, which take 70 per cent of commuters, “are old and badly managed”.
“Commuters become captive users of those vehicles and risk their lives,” he lamented.
Therefore, the introduction of the BRT “is going to revolutionise the transport system” in the urban areas of the country, he said.
He stressed that the BRT would ensure a safe, reliable, fast and cost-effective transport system in the country and “make Ghana the transport hub of Africa”.
Mr Mahama said the government intended to plan the country to cope with the growing population and said the BRT was one of the interventions.
He said the development of the transport sector had a bearing on Ghana’s development, hence the need for that sector to be developed now.
He said the establishment of the Centre for Urban Transportation was to support the growth of the transport sector and asked its members to come up with strategies to improve the transport sector.
Mr Mahama asked people who would be affected by the project to bear with the government, since it was meant to improve the transport system and ease travel time.
The Minister of Roads and Highways, Mr Joe Gidisu, said the BRT would do away with the environmental and health consequences that commuters went through in the metropolises, municipalities and districts.
Deputy Minister of Transport, Mrs Dzifa Attivor for her part, said the introduction of high-occupancy buses which would have exclusive designated ways would make commuting within the cities less stressful, as it would reduce travel time.
The Minister of Local Government and Rural Development, Mr Samuel Ofosu-Ampofo, said the government had formed an Urban Transport Advisory Committee to ensure key technical inputs, multi-stakeholder consultation, collaboration, co-ordination and information dissemination for urban transport policy development and implementation.
The Greater Accra Regional Minister, Nii Armah Ashietey, and the Accra Metropolitan Chief Executive, Mr Alfred Vanderpuije, said the BRT project was a manifestation of the development projects promised by President John Evans Atta Mills in the better Ghana agenda.
In a speech read on his behalf, the Country Director of the World Bank, Mr Ishac Diwan, lauded the project, since he said, it had the potential to transform the transport system in the country.